Eugeniusz Moczydłowski: Gardens of Svalbard

● What caused widespread belief about the relationship of lush flora with presence nesting birds on Svalbard, when we clearly see that the vegetation is lush and all-present without fertilization by nesting birds?

● What factor controls the occurrence of these so-called Gardens of Svalbard?

● Since bird guano is not necessary for Gardens of Svalbard’s growth, is there any relationship between the presence of bird colonies and lush vegetation on the rocky cliffs?

● Is there a possibility of plant photosynthesis under a layer of snow 180 cm thick?


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